Spanish Personal (Subject) Pronouns
Subject pronouns are the words such as “I”, “you”, “he”, etc. They are the “subject”, as they carry out the verb in a sentence (“I kicked the ball” – “I” is the subject). They are also referred to as personal pronouns because they refer to people.
First, let’s have a look at the forms of the personal subject pronouns:
|Vosotros/as||You (plural, informal)|
|Ustedes||You (plural, formal)|
In English, we use our subject pronouns very often, and cannot omit them as they contain crucial information about the subject of the sentence – ie, who is performing the action (compare “I ran home”, to “ran home” – who ran home?). In Spanish, however, the pronoun is implied by the conjugation of the verb. Verbs are conjugated according to the subject, and as each personal pronoun has a unique conjugation, Spanish speakers will often leave out the pronoun, or if they include it this may be for added emphasis:
Tengo un carro → I have a car
Yo tengo un carro → I have a car